Many people realize that they need to lose weight a couple of weeks before an important event. They are looking for an effective diet for quick weight loss. This is a very dangerous path, because rapid weight loss is harmful to health and can be very disruptive to the appearance. As a result, you will not only get the desired slimness, but sagging skin as well, and in addition to this – headaches, nausea, dizziness and sallow complexion. So why is losing weight too fast bad? Let’s face it.
The process of weight loss in the body
The body converts excess carbohydrates and derived calories to fat molecules and sets them firmly in the fat cells. As a result, the fat cells grow in size and get packed tightly close to each other.
A sharp restriction of calories and carbohydrate from food is not enough to replenish energy reserves, so the body gets it out of fat cells. But overstretched cells fill themselves with water which gives swelling. If you get rid of water, tissues lose elasticity and the skin sags, the metabolism breaks down and you get problems with health.
When you stop dieting, the cells hoard fat again, and if you have not switched on the principles of healthy eating, you will surely receive more pounds than you’ve lost before.
Metamorphosis of fats during weight loss
While you are losing weight fats disintegrate into component parts – glycerol and fatty acids. This is the result of signals from the brain when the blood plasma gets the reduced amount of these fatty acids. It happens when you are fasting and reducing fats consume.
Fatty acids are insoluble substances, and their transport in blood is only possible in connection with proteins. Therefore during protein starvation the weight loss happens due to the destruction of muscle tissue.
Due to the fact that proteins connected to fats form pretty large constructions, blood becomes thicker. That is why all diets require drinking a lot of water which makes your blood thinner but leads to complications as well.
Protein will distribute the fat to the muscles, if you do exercise in parallel with sticking to a diet, or to the liver, if you don’t. When the fat has reached the liver or muscles, it burns, forming carbon dioxide and water.
Problems with blood pressure and cardiovascular system
Fat burning increases the amount of liquid. This fluid is collected from tissues and enters the bloodstream, and, if you lose weight dramatically, the volume of the blood circulating in the blood vessels will also rise sharply. This increases the pressure and is harmful for the vessels of the brain. Your head would ache and you may feel dizziness.
Some of the fluid goes back into the tissue to reduce blood pressure. This causes swelling. To avoid this it is not recommended to lose more than 2-3 pounds a week.
In addition, if your diet has too little potassium (it is possible, if you eat only apples and yogurt), your heart will suffer.
Problems with liver and digestion
If weight loss does not involve muscles all fats are burnt only by the liver, but its strength is not infinite. Some parts of fats get stored in it, creating a fatty liver, but also in the walls of blood vessels, giving cholesterol plaques. If you are losing weight fast a risk of heart attack increases up to five times.
The loaded liver will no longer cope with its responsibilities. A couple of such rapid cases of weight loss and digestive disorders will be expressed. You can get even cholecystitis, inflammation of the biliary tract with disorders of biliary excretion.
Problems with appearance and beauty
Due to the shortage of fats the exchange of fat-soluble vitamins A and E gets stopped, and they are responsible for your beauty. Therefore, rapid weight loss will bring you brittle and dull hair and nails, the skin turns gray, becomes dry and flabby. If you eat very little food, this means not only low calories but poor nutrients too. The lack of fats is fraught with problems for the skin – vitamins that provide its nutrition can be dissolved and absorbed in the body only through the mediation of fats.
Problems with reproductive function of the body
Whether you reduce weight by means of sports or diet the body will sound the alarm if it happens too quickly. The fact is that the human body has to maintain homeostasis, a stable weight, metabolism, body temperature, etc.
If the weight decreases, the body will throw all the forces to keep this figure stable. The mode “bad times” gets turned on, and the first one to suffer is reproductive function of the body. If you lose weight dramatically the body begins to reduce your menstrual cycle. Because of this, many girls get it off or eliminated. It entails a temporary (and sometimes permanent) infertility.
The “plateau” effect – a lack of weight loss and problems with metabolism
While losing weight your metabolism slows down: you need to save resources, so the body doesn’t allow them to “burn” easily. Every calorie is being used or saved, and the activity of different processes in the body decreases. That is why after some time of a strict diet, there is a “plateau” – the point when the weight does not want to decline, although you go on reducing food. And deficiency of carbohydrates will cause drowsiness, poor attention and constant feeling cold.
Your body remembers such kind of stress as losing weight fast for a long time. Physiological memory gets an image of sudden hunger that can occur at any time. Cells begin to store fat at the first opportunity. The person turns from a strict diet to normal food and gains weight back extremely fast. So is it worth risking your health, appearance and well-being for the doubtful quick results?
The process of losing weight should be reasonable, slow, combining a balanced diet and physical exercise and, wherever it is possible, it should take place under the guidance of an experienced dietitian. In this case losing weight will bring you lasting results you can be proud of!