Every woman wants to be slim. Whether you prefer fasting days or sticking to a diet the both help fine, but only unless the point when the desire to lose weight turns into an obsession and a nervous disorder – anorexia. That’s when diets may cause the body irreparable harm.
The Consequences of Mindless Craze for Diets
Anorexia is not a synonym to extreme “model” thinness; it is a severe mental disorder that means refusing food, fear of it, and freewill starvation. The person possessed by delusions of losing weight stops eating at all. She/he feels huge pleasure having lost 200-300 g more, but this person loses the ability to perceive the own condition adequately as well.
She doesn’t notice yellowish-gray complexion, brittle nails, dry skin, saggy breasts and even the cessation of menstruation!
Anorexia is often followed by another serious disease – bulimia. Anorexics are actually preoccupied with thoughts about food. Often, unable to bear the pangs of hunger, they literally pounce on any food and can’t stop, even when the stomach is already full. This is called bulimia, or “bull hunger”.
First of all, girls prone to anorexia have an extreme degree of suggestibility. This often happens with adolescents who believe that external beauty is an absolute guarantee of success, and that beauty can only be of one type – the ‘model’ slimness. This degree of suggestibility coupled with constant pressure from media and advertising makes even quite slim girls lose weight because they can’t always fit the ideal of beauty that was put into their mind. As a rule prone to anorexia girls strive for perfection and being first in everything, so just slimness and a healthy diet are not able to meet their growing needs.
This nervous disorder is typical for adolescent girls, but sometimes anorexia and bulimia can occur much later – in the person’s 30s and even 40s. As a rule, these diseases affect easily suggestible, insecure people suffering from misunderstanding or, on the contrary, from excessive care in the family.
In the absence of timely treatment the mortality rate of anorexia is 20%!
The First Signs of Anorexia:
- dissatisfaction with the own appearance, figure
• excessive concern about the weight and diet
• severe restriction of food or even a complete rejection of it
• attempting to correct perceived figure flaws.
Patients with anorexia never admit their problem with instant weight loss because they interpret their own body falsely. A girl is convinced she is obese and needs losing weight. Some of them artificially cause vomiting reflex after meals. However, they have a keen interest in collecting recipes, diets, cooking different dishes for the whole family, but not for themselves. Increased physical exercises often lead them to full exhaustion. Communication with friends and relatives often gets minimized. Integuments become pale. Unjustified resentment, irritability, aggression, anger and sadness appear.
The Consequences of Anorexia
Untreated anorexia can lead to some serious complications whose results can even be fatal. Such consequences include:
- Lack of calcium (bone fractures, thinning and brittle nails).
- Esophagitis (inflammation of the mucous layer of the esophagus), lack of appetite and destruction of dental enamel (due to the high acidity of the stomach).
- Mental disorders (inability to concentrate, depression and insomnia). These symptoms of anorexia often provoke suicide.
- General weakness, spasmodic muscle pains and constant feeling cold.
- Disorders of the endocrine system (lethargy, infertility, amenorrhea, lack of sexual desire, etc.).
- Cardio-vascular disorders (arrhythmia, bradycardia, dizziness, brief losses of consciousness, low blood pressure). This complication is the most common cause of death among patients with anorexia.
Treatment of Anorexia
Treatment of anorexia comprises a gradual normalization of body weight (from 500 g to 1500 g per week), in order to restore the balance of electrolytes and fluid intake, and psychological therapy. It should be treated by doctors – psychotherapists or psychiatrists along with nutritionists. Patients are also prescribed with individual diet containing the required nutrients. Drug treatment of anorexia represents all sorts of medications which eliminate the complications of the disease. Psychotherapy is the most significant component of anorexia treatment. The duration of this method of treatment depends on the patient.
How to Avoid the Abyss of Anorexia?
- Don’t strive to look like models. Their thinness is unnatural and unhealthy. Define your normal weight – based on the growth, physique and, the most importantly, on the age – and don’t try to get slimmer than it is possible.
- Fight extra weight by increasing physical activity. Think about the benefits of morning exercises, join a fitness club, go swimming and jogging – so any food will be “paid” by your muscles.
And remember: beauty is in the first place harmony with you!